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Sales tax is a state tax and personal property tax is a local tax. Connecticut has required owners of taxable personal property to annually report property owned by them on October 1 to the municipal Assessor since 1949.
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Taxable personal property is tangible property other than real estate, as described in Section 12-41 and 71 of the Connecticut General Statutes. Examples include, but are not limited to:
Personal property such as residential furnishings, clothing and jewelry is not taxable.
All owners or lessees of personal property on October 1, or having personal property that may have been in various locations but was located in the Town of Preston during the three months prior to October 1, must file. Leased, loaned or rented personal property must also be declared, but is taxed to the owner.
Yes. It is the responsibility of the property owner (or lessee) to file a declaration. The Assessor’s Office mails declarations in September to all known owners of taxable personal property. If you do not receive a declaration form in the mail, one can be obtained at the Assessor’s Office.
The deadline for filing declarations is November 1 each year. There is a 25% assessment penalty for later filings.
The Assessor will prepare an estimated declaration and add the 25% non-compliance penalty to that assessment.
Connecticut law authorizes the Assessor, or the Assessor’s designee, to perform an audit for up to three years, requiring the property owner to appear with accounting books, documents, federal tax returns, etc., for examination under oath in reference to their personal property. Any property discovered during an audit and not previously reported will be added along with the 25% non-compliance penalty.
If you buy or set up a new business and had no personal property on October 1, you need not file a declaration until the following year.
Yes. Complete the section on page two of the declaration Affidavit of Business Closing or Sale of Business and tell us what happened to the property. Do not ignore the declaration! If you do not return the declaration with this information, the Assessor will assume that you are still in business but have failed to file. You will be assessed, penalized and taxed unless you return the form.
Yes. Certain full and partial exemptions may be available for manufacturing equipment, mechanics’ tools, farming equipment and pollution control equipment. Incremental exemptions may be applied to newly acquired machinery and equipment used in manufacturing and fabricating. Contact the Assessor’s office for further details.
You can appeal your assessment to the Board of Assessment Appeals. If you filed your declaration later or failed to file at all, you my still appeal your assessment, but a 25% penalty must still be applied. Contact the Assessor’s Office at 860-887-5581, ext. 115 for more information about the Board of Assessment Appeals.